GES working paper on the production of low-CO2 hydrogen

Global electrolysis capacities are increasing rapidly from very few capacities available today. Europe leads the way in terms of planned projects, followed by Asia and North America. However, there are still considerable hurdles to a broad market ramp-up: high costs for investments and electricity, possible raw material bottlenecks and a lack of standardisation in production. Based on the available figures, there is a global expansion corridor of 93 gigawatts of installed electrolysis capacity by 2030. Due to weather conditions, African countries basically have great potential for the production of hydrogen by means of electrolysis and renewable electricity. However, problems with infrastructure and investment security prevent investors from the private sector from realising projects in countries like Libya, Algeria, Mauritania or Egypt. And the countries themselves often lack the money for their own investments.

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