The EU Commission wants to hold companies accountable in matters of human rights and protection of the environment and climate. According to the provisions of the Supply Chain Due Diligence Act, European and non-European companies are to enforce corresponding standards within their value chains. What appears to be positive at first glance may bring considerable disadvantages for countries in the global South. In their article Prof. Dr. Estelle Herlyn and Nikolas Lokau point out that economically viable processes for the production of low-CO2 hydrogen – for example with natural gas – are made more difficult or even impossible, while Germany and Europe themselves continue to rely on natural gas and even try to obtain it from Africa. The authors see this as “hypocrisy on the part of the rich countries”.